Solutrean and the new tool knapping techniques

Vitrina 14 (antigua)
In the latter part of Würm III and during the interstadial Würm III-IV, approximately between 22000-17000 years BP, the Solutrean culture developed in Western Europe, specifically in the Iberian Peninsula and France. Solutrean is a real turning point in the Upper Palaeolithic sequence of this area because, from then onwards, some of the stone tools, used both for domestic and hunting purposes, are manufactured using a retouching technique. This technique allows obtaining lithic tools of great beauty for their fineness and elegance (such as bay leaves or notched-tip pieces). This special technique, which requires a perfect mastery of lithic knapping can be combined with retouching by pressure, perhaps inherited from the Gravettian, and a sophisticated heat treatment (amelioration of the mechanical properties of a rock by fire) of which the Solutrean are masters.
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